AP World History Study Guide: Asian History Topics

AP World History Study Guide: Asian History Topics

Are you preparing for the AP World History Exam? Here are the topics from Asian History that may appear on your World History test.

Foundations: c. 8000 B.C.E. - 600 C.E.

The Great River Valley Civilizations:

  • Mesopotamia
  • Indus Valley or Harappan Civilization
  • Shang or Huang He (Yellow River Valley) Civilization

Classical Civilizations:

  • Political developments in classical India
  • Political developments in classical China

Major Asian Belief Systems:

  • Hinduism
  • Judaism
  • Confucianism
  • Daoism
  • Buddhism
  • Christianity

Late Classical Developments:

  • Collapse of Han China
  • Collapse of the Gupta Empire in India
  • The Huns move into Europe

Comparisons and Analysis:

  • Compare the social hierarchies within Hinduism and Buddhism
  • Compare the roles of women within Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, and Hinduism
  • Compare India's caste system with different types of slavery
  • Describe the Silk Road
  • Compare the political and social structures of Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley, and Shang China

Late Classical through Medieval Asia

The Emergence of New Empires and Systems:

  • The Umayyad Empire
  • The Abbasid Empire
  • Tang China
  • Song China
  • Ming China
  • The Delhi Sultanate
  • The Mongol Empire
  • Seljuk Turkey

Changing Contacts and Cultural Patterns:

  • The Indian Ocean trade network
  • The Mongols' Impact on Europe
  • The spread of Islam
  • Developments along the Silk Road
  • Chinese interactions with Japan, Vietnam, and Korea

Demographic Changes:

  • Impact of the Mongol, Turkish and Arab migrations
  • Consequences of the bubonic plague (Black Death) pandemics in Asia

Comparisons and Analysis:

Asian History, 1450-1750

New Empires and Developments:

  • Ottoman Turkey
  • Qing China
  • Tokugawa Japan
  • The Mughal Empire in India
  • Zen Buddhism
  • Sikhism

Comparisons and Analysis:

  • Compare colonial administrations in Asia
  • Analyze empire-building in Asia
  • Compare Russia's interactions with Ottoman Turkey and China

Asian History, 1750-1914

Major Developments:

  • Boxer Rebellion
  • Fall of China's Qing Dynasty
  • Rise of nationalism and nation-states, Japan and Thailand
  • Cultural policies of Meiji Japan

Comparisons and Analysis:

  • Debates over Europe's technological development in relation to Asia's
  • Compare the Industrial Revolution in Japan and western Europe
  • Compare responses to European expansionism in China, the Ottoman Empire, India, Southeast Asia and Japan
  • Compare nationalism in China and Japan
  • Compare the Indian Congress Movement with Pan-Africanism

Asian History, 1914 to Present

Major Developments

  • World War I in Asia
  • World War II in Asia
  • The Cold War in Asia
  • Nuclear weapons
  • Economic development of the Pacific Rim
  • Deforestation and environmental change in Asia
  • Rural to urban population movement in Asia

Comparisons and Analysis

  • Compare decolonization in India and Africa
  • Compare the effects of the Chinese and Iranian revolutions on the roles of women
  • Compare the legacies of colonialism in Asia with those in Africa or Latin America

Best of luck on your exam!