USS Baltimore C-3 - History

USS Baltimore C-3 - History

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USS Baltimore C-3

Baltimore IV

(C-3: dp. 4413, 1. 335', b. 48'8", dr. 20'6", s. 201 k.
cpl. 386; a. 4 8", e 8"; cl. Baltimore)

The fourth Baltimore (Cruiser No. 3) was launched 6 October 1888 by William Cramp and Sons Ship and Engine Building Co., Philadelphia, Pa.; sponsored by Mrs. Theodore D. Wilson, wife of Chief Constructor Wilson and commissioned 7 January 1890, Captain W. S. Sehley in command.

Baltimore became flagship of the North Atlantic Squadron 24 May 1890 and during 1-23 August conveyed the remains of the late Captain John Ericsson from New York to Stockholm, Sweden. After cruising in European and Mediterranean waters, she arrived at Valparaiso, Chile, 7 April 1891 to join the South Pacific Station. She protected American citizens during the Chilean revolution landing men at Valparaiso 28 August. Arriving at Mare Island Navy Yard 5 January 1892, she cruised on the west coast of the United States until 7 October and then returned to the Atlantic. She took part in the naval rendezvous and review in Hampton Roads during March and April 1893. Proceeding via the Suez Canal, she cruised as flagship of the Asiatic Station, 22 December 1893 3 December 1895, protecting American interests. Returning to ~Mare Island 21 January 1896, she went out of commission 17 February 1896.

Recommissioned 12 October 1897, Baltimore sailed on 20 October for the Hawaiian Islands and remained there between 7 November 1897 and 25 March 1898. She then Joined Commodore George Dewey's squadron at Hong Kong, 22 April 1898. The squadron sailed from Mirs Bay China, 27 April for the Philippines and on the morning of l May entered Manila Bay and destroyed the Spanish fleet stationed there. Baltimore remained on the Asiatic Station convoying transports and protecting American interests until 23 Mag 1900, when she sailed for the United States, via the Suez Canal, arriving at New York 8 September 1900.

Between 27 September 1900 and 6 May 1903 Baltimore was out of commission at New York Navy Yard. From 6 August to 28 December 1903 she served with the Caribbean Squadron, North Atlantic fleet, taking part in summer maneuvers off the coast of Maine, in the Presidential Review at Oyster Bay, N. Y. (15~17 August), and in Santo Domingo waters.~ Between 28 May and 26 August she was attached to the European Squadron and cruised in the ~Mediterranean. On 26 September she sailed from, Genna, Italy, for the Asiatic Station and spent the next two years cruising in Asiatic, Philippine, and Australian waters

Baltimore returned to New York 24 April 1907 and went out of commission at New York Navy Yard 15 May 1907. On 20 January 1911 she was placed in commission in reserve and served as a receiving ship at Charleston Navy Yard (30 January 1911-20 September 1912). During 1914 she was converted to a minelayer at Charleston Navy Yard and recommissioned 8 March l9l5. During 1915~16 she carried out mining experiments and operations in Chesapeake Bay and along the Atlantic Coast.

At American entry into World War I, Baltimore was training personnel. Early in March 1918 she was detailed to assist in laying a deep mine field off the north coast nt Ireland in the North Channel. She arrived at the Clyde on 8 March and between 13 April and 2 May laid approximately 900 mines in the North Channel. On 2 June she joined Mine Squadron 1 at Inverness, Scotland, and for four months participated in laying the Northern Mine Barrage.

On 28 September 1918 Baltimore sailed from Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands, for the United States. She carried out mining experiments in the vicinity of the Virgin Islands until the end of the year.

In September 1919 she joined the Pacific Fleet and remained on the west coast until January 1921. She then proceeded to, Pearl Harbor' where she was subsequently placed out of commission 16 September l922 and sold l6 February 1942

USS Baltimore C-3 - History

USS Baltimore , a 4413-ton protected cruiser built at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was commissioned in January 1890. After serving as flagship of the North Atlantic Squadron, in August 1890 she carried the body of the noted engineer John Ericsson to his native Sweden for burial. Baltimore subsequently cruised in European and Mediterranean waters and in April 1891 joined the South Pacific Station. For the next year and a half she operated off the west coasts of South and North America. Service in the Western Atlantic followed in late 1892 and the first part of 1893. Baltimore then steamed eastward, transiting the Suez Canal to serve from December 1893 to December 1895 as Asiatic Station flagship. She was laid up at Mare Island, California, in mid-February 1896 but recommissioned in October 1897 for several months's duty in the Hawaiian Islands.

In April 1898 Baltimore arrived at Hong Kong to begin an eventful second deployment in Asiatic waters. On 1 May, she took part in the Battle of Manila Bay , which destroyed Spanish naval power in the Philippines. She was present in Manila Bay the rest of the Spanish-American War and participated in the Philippines operations that followed. The cruiser returned to the U.S. in mid-1900, again via Suez, and was out of commission at New York from then until May 1903. With her appearance altered by the elimination of her "military" fighting mast tops and other modifications, Baltimore operated along the U.S. East Coast and in the Caribbean for the rest of 1903 and served with the European Squadron between May and August 1904. Later in that year she began a third Far Eastern tour, which lasted until 1907. Following nearly four years in reserve at New York, Baltimore was the receiving ship at the Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina, during 1911 and 1912.

In 1913-1915 Baltimore was converted to a minelayer, recommissioning for Atlantic Fleet mine warfare operations and training service in March 1915. In March 1918 she went to British waters to take an active role in the fight against the German U-boat threat. From then until late September 1918 Baltimore helped lay extensive anti-submarine minefields between Scotland and Ireland, and in the North Sea. With these tasks completed, she steamed back to the U.S. a month before the World War I fighting ended.

Baltimore became part of the Pacific Fleet in September 1919. In July 1920, as the Navy implemented its system of ship hull numbers, she was designated CM-1. The old minelayer went to Pearl Harbor early in 1921 and decommissioned there in September 1922. For nearly two decades, Baltimore was inactive at that base, serving for part of the time as a storage hulk. She was present, though in derelict condition, during the devastating Japanese air raid that opened the Pacific War on 7 December 1941. Sold in February 1942, the partially-scrapped ship was finally scuttled at sea on 22 September 1944.

This page features selected views of USS Baltimore (Cruiser # 3) in her original configuration, circa 1890-1903, with links to other images related to this ship.

If you want higher resolution reproductions than the digital images presented here, see: "How to Obtain Photographic Reproductions."

Click on the small photograph to prompt a larger view of the same image.

In New York Harbor, with the Statue of Liberty in the right distance, circa 1890.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 101KB 740 x 605 pixels

USS Charleston (Cruiser # 2), at left, and
USS Baltimore (Cruiser # 3)

At Tacoma, Washington, circa 1892.
Photographed by French, Tacoma.

Donation of Captain R.R. Law, USN, 1972.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 89KB 740 x 465 pixels

Photographed during the 1890s, with her crew's laundry drying forward.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 85KB 740 x 505 pixels

Anchored at Yokohama, Japan, 1894, while serving as flagship of the Asiatic Station.

Donation of Rear Admiral Ammen C. Farenholt, USN (MC), 1933.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 94KB 740 x 530 pixels

In drydock at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, during the 1890s.
Photographed by William H. Topley.

Collection of William H. Topley. Courtesy of Charles M. Loring, 1970.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 99KB 740 x 545 pixels

At anchor in October 1897.

Collection of Cyrus R. Miller.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 83KB 740 x 595 pixels

Anchored with her stern to the reef, at Honolulu, Hawaii, circa 1897-1898.

Courtesy of Captain T.T. Craven, USN, 1927.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 68KB 740 x 415 pixels

Courtesy of Howard I. Chapelle, Smithsonian Institution.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 80KB 740 x 565 pixels

If you want higher resolution reproductions than the digital images presented here, see: "How to Obtain Photographic Reproductions."

Page originally made 24 September 1998
Extensively revised and expanded 18 December 2002

USS Baltimore (CA 68)

USS BALTIMORE was the lead ship of a class of 14 heavy cruisers and the fifth ship in the Navy to bear the name. Decommissioned in 1947, the ship was placed in reserve at Bremerton, Wash. After the outbreak of the Korean War, the BALTIMORE was recommissioned in November 1951. Finally decommissioned on May 31, 1956, the ship was stricken from the Navy list on February 15, 1971, and sold to Zidell Explorations, Inc., of Portland, Ore., on April 10, 1972 for scrapping.

General Characteristics: Awarded: 1940
Keel laid: May 26, 1941
Launched: July 28, 1942
Commissioned: April 15, 1943
Decommissioned: April 29, 1947
Recommissioned: November 28, 1951
Decommissioned: May 31, 1956
Builder: Bethlehem Steel Corp., Quincy, MA.
Propulsion system: geared turbines 120,000 shaft horsepower
Length: 673.5 feet (205.3 meters)
Beam: 70.9 feet (21.6 meters)
Draft: 24 feet (7.3 meters)
Displacement: approx. 17,000 tons full load
Speed: 33 knots
Aircraft: none
Armament: nine 8-inch (20.3cm)/55 caliber guns from three triple mounts, twelve 5-inch (12.7cm)/38 caliber guns from six twin mounts, 48 40mm guns
Crew: 59 officers and 1083 enlisted

This section contains the names of sailors who served aboard USS BALTIMORE. It is no official listing but contains the names of sailors who submitted their information.

USS BALTIMORE the leader of a new class of post Treaty heavy cruisers was laid down on 26 May 1941 at Quincy, Mass., by the Fore River plant of the Bethlehem Steel Corp. launched on 28 July 1942 sponsored by Mrs. Howard W. Jackson, wife of the Mayor of Baltimore and commissioned at the South Boston Annex of the Boston Navy Yard on 15 April 1943, Capt. William C. Calhoun in command.

After fitting out, BALTIMORE sailed for Hampton Roads on 17 June and proceeded up the Chesapeake to Annapolis. She reached that port on the 20th for a brief visit to the Naval Academy before returning to the Virginia capes area two days later for exercises. Following brief upkeep at Norfolk from 24 June to 1 July, the new cruiser cleared Hampton Roads on the latter day and headed toward Trinidad, in the British West Indies, for shakedown. She went through her paces intensive training in gunnery out of Port of Spain, Trinidad. Following her return to Hampton Roads on 24 July, she got underway again on the 28th and arrived at Boston that same day for post shakedown availability and repairs to her leaking main battery hydraulic piping. After this work was completed early in September, she proceeded to Norfolk.

On 21 September, the ship sailed for the west coast in company with SIGOURNEY (DD 643). Transiting the Panama Canal on the 25th, the two combatants reached San Diego on 4 October. BALTIMORE then carried out further gunnery exercises and training off the west coast between 9 and 13 October. After standing out of San Diego Bay on the 16th of that month, she called briefly at San Francisco before proceeding independently to Pearl Harbor where she arrived on the 29th.

Assigned to Task Force (TF) 52, on the last day of October, for training in Hawaiian waters, BALTIMORE exercised off Oahu until 4 November. She sortied with TF 52 on 10 November, bound for the Gilbert Islands. BALTIMORE approached Makin Island before dawn on 20 November and, at 0550, catapulted her two Vought OS2U 3 "Kingfisher" floatplanes for gunnery observation. At 0640, she commenced fire with her 5 inch battery, and her 8 inchers added to the din of bombardment some 40 minutes later. That day, over 1,350 rounds from BALTIMORE's guns whistled toward the island but poor visibility prevented accurate spotting by her planes, while indirect fire based on inaccurate navigational fixes meant that some rounds ended up in the sea. While Makin proved to be a comparatively easy conquest, Tarawa, the other objective invaded on the 20th, turned out to be considerably tougher. BALTIMORE screened the escort carriers operating off Makin through the 24th. The American air umbrella intercepted two low level fighter sweeps on the 23rd and 24th and largely destroyed both.

When Makin had been secured, BALTIMORE joined heavy cruisers SAN FRANCISCO (CA 38), MINNEAPOLIS (CA 36), and NEW ORLEANS (CA 32) in forming Task Unit (TU) 50.1.1 that screened the carriers of TG 50.1 during a raid on Kwajalein, an atoll in the Marshalls. The photo reconnaissance carried out in this operation proved invaluable for a subsequent raid, and the planes themselves destroyed a large concentration of shipping that the enemy had brought into the area. The American pilots inflicted damage on 12 ships, sinking six of them. However, the light attacks on the airfields at Roi and Wotje in the Marshalls failed to knock out Japanese air power completely enough to prevent a counterattack on the American task force.

BALTIMORE picked up low flying planes at 1204 and, moments later, spotted three "Kates" (Nakajima B5N2 Type 97 carrier attack planes) to starboard, attacking LEXINGTON (CV 16) and other ships. At 1250, YORKTOWN (CV 10) found herself the object of Japanese attentions, but heavy gunfire from the screening cruisers and destroyers soon knocked down all three attackers. Nevertheless, at 2000, Japanese aircraft commenced moonlight attacks and continued them for the next few hours. BALTIMORE fired over 1,200 40 and 20 millimeter rounds in the effort to stem the enemy onslaught which, however, succeeded in scoring one torpedo hit on LEXINGTON at 2335.

BALTIMORE conducted training exercises while returning to Hawaii and arrived at Pearl Harbor on 30 December. After a four-day return to sea for training between 2 and 6 January, the cruiser spent the rest of her time in Hawaii undergoing needed upkeep at Pearl Harbor. Underway on 16 January, she set course for the Marshalls once more.

Assigned to TG 58.4, BALTIMORE formed part of the screen for SARATOGA (CV 3), PRINCETON (CVL 23), and COWPENS (CVL 25) and conducted exercises en route to the target area. On 29 and 30 January 1944, she supported the carrier strikes against Wotje and Taroa islands, the latter being the center of enemy air strength in the eastern Marshalls. These raids were the last air attack launched to prepare for the invasions of Kwajalein and Majuro. The strikes against Japanese airfields proved to be quite successful, wiping out all enemy air opposition before the landings at the end of January 1944. BALTIMORE subsequently screened the carriers as their planes blasted targets on Eniwetok on 3 February and, four days later, moored in the newly won Kwajalein lagoon.

As the Fast Carrier Task Forces continued to keep up the relentless pressure on the Japanese in the Central Pacific, BALTIMORE supported the air strikes that destroyed enemy shipping at Truk on 17 and 18 February 1944. On the 17th, Lt. (j.g.) Denver M. Baxter, USNR, flying one of the heavy cruiser's Vought OS2U 3 "Kingfishers," covered by two "Hellcats," rescued Lt. (jg.) George M. Blair, USNR, of VF-9 less than 6,000 yards from Dublon Island inside Truk lagoon where he had ditched his flak crippled Grumman F6F-3 "Hellcat." Returning to Majuro on 26 February, BALTIMORE replenished there before standing out on 5 March, again with TG 58.4. The group conducted gunnery exercises and training en route to the New Hebrides and reached Espiritu Santo on the 13th. Ten days later, the heavy cruiser sailed for the Palaus as a unit of TG 36.2. On the 29th, as the task force neared those Japanese held islands, she contributed 100 rounds of 5 inch to the barrage put up to discourage attacking Japanese aircraft. The combat air patrol shot down three snoopers while antiaircraft downed at least three during the sporadic attacks.

BALTIMORE screened the fast carriers while their planes struck targets on the Palaus on the morning of the 30th. Massive sweeps of American fighters knocked down large numbers of enemy fighters on that morning and on the 31st. Seventy-six American "Hellcats" engaged an estimated 95 Japanese fighters, at a cost of two Americans down in return for 75 Japanese planes destroyed. Further attacks - on Yap, Ulithi and Woleai - followed before BALTIMORE and her carrier group replenished at Majuro.

BALTIMORE again sortied with TG 58.2 in mid April and, on the 21st, the carriers' planes - along with those of TG 58.3 - pounded airfields at Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea, as well as other nearby targets to prepare the way for the landings at Humboldt Bay and Tanahmerah Bay the following day. TG 58.2 remained in the vicinity through the 23rd, furnishing air support as required, including combat air patrol and antisubmarine patrol over the amphibious forces.

BALTIMORE continued her vital support role as the massed air groups from 12 carriers struck Japanese shipping, oil and ammunition dumps, aircraft facilities, and other installations at Truk from 29 April to 1 May. Her antiaircraft batteries opened fire on the morning of the 29th, when TG 58.2 brought four attacking torpedo planes under fire. One raider splashed just after crossing the screen another passed over a carrier without dropping his "fish" only to be destroyed on the far side of the screen one went down just after releasing its torpedo at MONTEREY (which ship took evasive action and avoided it), and the last fell victim to massed gunfire from YORKTOWN and MONTEREY just as the point of release.

On 30 April, BALTIMORE took part in the shelling of Japanese positions at Satawan, contributing over 300 rounds from her 8 inch and 5 inch batteries. The mission assigned to the heavy cruiser and her consorts was "to bombard the air strip and destroy grounded aircraft, facilities, and shipping in order to prevent effective use of (the) field by the enemy in opposing further operations." The following day, 1 May, one of BALTIMORE's "Kingfishers" again took center stage, this time by providing gunfire spotting for the battleship NORTH CAROLINA (BB 55). The heavy cruiser's floatplane filled a gap left by the loss of two of the battleship's own OS2U's in the rescue of downed pilots at Truk.

Having returned to Majuro after the bombardment missions in late April and early May, the heavy cruiser again screened the flattops as they pounded Marcus Island on 19 and 20 May and Wake on the 24th. Upkeep and replenishment at Majuro followed before she returned to sea on 6 June and headed for the Marianas with TG 58.7, screening the fast carriers as their planes rocked Guam and Rota between 11 and 13 June, and Iwo Jima and Chichi Jima between the 15th and 20th. On the latter day, BALTIMORE recovered a pilot and two crewmen of a plane forced to ditch. The heavy cruiser wound up her service with the screen of the fast carriers during strikes on Pagan Island on 23 June and against Iwo Jima on the 24th.

Recalled to the west coast of the United States, BALTIMORE sailed for San Francisco on the latter day, touched at Eniwetok, in the Marshalls, on the 27th, and at Pearl Harbor on 2 JuIy, before she arrived at Mare Island for a limited availability to ready the ship for service as a Presidential flagship. Shifting down the coast, BALTIMORE arrived at San Diego on 18 July and, on the 21st, embarked President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his party. She then steamed to Hawaii, embarked Admiral Chester W. Nimitz from a tug slowed off Fort Kamehameha on the 26th, and stood proudly into Pearl Harbor with the Presidential colors at the main, while every ship in the harbor "manned the rail" for this historic visit. In Hawaii, the President and his Chief of Staff, Admiral William D. Leahy, conferred with General Douglas MacArthur and Admiral Nimitz. From their discussions emerged the decision to bypass the island of Mindanao in seeking to wrest the Philippines from Japanese hands, capturing Leyte first, and then Luzon. President Roosevelt reembarked in BALTIMORE on 29 July and got underway for Alaskan waters. She carried the President to Sweeper Bay, Adak, Chinak Island, and Kodiak, as well as to Pleasant Bay and Ice Passage, where the heavy cruiser transferred her distinguished passenger and his party to the destroyer CUMMINGS (DD 365) on 8 August.

Escorted by WOODWORTH (DD 460), BALTIMORE headed south and put in at San Francisco on 13 August for drydocking, repairs, and alterations. The ship left the west coast on 25 October and once more headed for Hawaiian waters. Reaching Pearl Harbor on 31 October, she exercised off Oahu with COLHOUN (DD 801), BANCROFT (DD 598), and a group of PT boats, before returning to port on 7 November. Standing out of Hawaiian waters on Armistice Day 1944, the heavy cruiser proceeded via Eniwetok to the Western Carolines and entered Ulithi lagoon soon thereafter.

BALTIMORE sortied from Ulithi on 10 December as a unit in the screen of TG 38.1 and protected that group's fast carriers as they hurled strikes against Japanese positions on Luzon between 14 and 16 December. On the 18th, the American warships encountered a typhoon that damaged both of BALTIMORE's observation planes, destroyed her two motor whaleboats, bent 40 and 20 millimeter gun mounts, and buckled deck plates. Other ships that ran into the same tropical storm were less fortunate: three destroyers capsized and sank, and a score of the larger ships suffered heavy damage.

Returning to Ulithi for voyage repairs on the day before Christmas, BALTIMORE got underway on 30 December to resume screening the fast carriers. American warplanes devastated Japanese targets on Formosa on 3 and 4 January 1945 and on Luzon between the 6th and the 9th as the invasion of Lingayen Gulf unfolded. On the latter day, the Fast Carrier Task Force entered the South China Sea through the Bashii Channel and hammered targets at Cam Ranh Bay, French Indochina on Formosa and at Canton and Hainan Island, China, before returning to waters off Formosa for more strikes on that island. When enemy planes lashed back at the American formations on 21 January the guns of the task force joined its combat air patrol in downing 12 of 15 attackers. The following day, the carriers conducted air strikes on the southern end of Okinawa before retiring to Ulithi to replenish depleted stores.

As flagship for Rear Admiral Lloyd J. Wiltse - Commander, Cruiser Division 10 - BALTIMORE sailed from Ulithi on 10 February, bound for the Japanese home islands. She supported the carrier strikes against Tokyo on 16 and 17 February and against Iwo Jima between 20 February and 5 March. The heavy cruiser then returned to Ulithi to replenish before resuming her screening duties, this time covering the carriers as their planes struck targets on the Japanese island of Kyushu between 18 and 21 March. Here, BALTIMORE saw vividly the effectiveness of the "Divine Wind" or kamikaze, the Japanese name for the suicide planes used to inflict grave losses upon their enemy. American aircraft carriers were priority targets for Japanese pilots and, in those few days off Kyushu, Japanese planes inflicted damage on six "flattops." Nevertheless, the United States Pacific Fleet pressed on relentlessly launching strikes against targets on the southern tip of Okinawa, as well as on islands in the Sakishima and Amami groups. Between 27 March and 30 April, BALTIMORE covered for the carrier forces hitting the Ryukyus and the Japanese home islands in support of the Okinawa invasion.

After returning to Ulithi on the 30th, BALTIMORE was again at sea by mid May, supporting air attacks on Kyushu and Shikoku on the 13th. Heavy air attacks challenged the Americans the following day. Although Navy guns proved equal to the task, downing 25 of 35 attacking aircraft, some of them still managed to penetrate the screen, and one even crashed ENTERPRISE (CV 6). By 17 May, BALTIMORE was off the east coast of Okinawa and operated in support of the Allied struggle for that island until 5 June, when she endured the fury of a second typhoon, which destroyed her planes and damaged her bow.

Undaunted, BALTIMORE remained on the "front lines" off Okinawa until the 11th when she sailed for the Philippines. Arriving at Leyte Gulf two days later, the heavy cruiser soon sailed for Hawaii and, proceeding via Eniwetok, reached Pearl Harbor on 12 July. She remained in Hawaiian waters through V J Day, 15 August 1945, undergoing a navy yard availability and carrying out training through the end of August. During this time, she and STEWART (DE 238) conducted tests off Oahu with "Kingfisher" floatplanes equipped with Jet Assisted Take Off (JATO) equipment.

In the first few weeks after the war, BALTIMORE conducted three "Magic Carpet" voyages bringing home returning servicemen, plying the Pacific between Pearl Harbor and the west coast, calling at San Francisco twice and San Pedro once. "Navy Day" 1945, 27 October, found her at San Pedro, Calif. Then, on 10 November, the cruiser with Rear Admiral Emmet P. Forrestal embarked sailed for Japan. She arrived at Tokyo on 24 November but soon proceeded to Kure where she arrived on the 27th. The cruiser remained there through the end of the year. In early February 1946, BALTIMORE visited Wakayama, Matsumaya, Sasebo, and Nagasaki before departing Japanese waters on 18 February, bound for home.

She arrived in San Francisco on 3 March. Later, BALTIMORE moved to Seattle, Wash., where her status was reduced to "in commission, in reserve" on 8 JuIy. Finally, the warship was decommissioned on 29 April 1947 at Bremerton, Washington. With the expansion of the Navy to meet the challenge imposed by the Korean War, BALTIMORE was recommissioned at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard on 28 November 1951, Capt. Fondville L. Tedder in command.

Departing Bremerton on 9 January 1952, she touched at San Francisco from 9 to 11 January and at San Diego from the 12th to the 17th before sailing for Panama. Transiting the canal on 25 and 26 January, the heavy cruiser reached Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, on 28 January. After conducting shakedown training in the West Indies, she sailed north to her newly assigned home port, Boston, for post shakedown availability and preparation for her first deployment to European waters.

Departing Boston on 22 April, the warship reached Gibraltar on 3 May for a week's visit before commencing operations with the 6th Fleet. For the next five months, she ranged the Mediterranean from Gibraltar to IstanbuI, showing the flag at such ports as Cagliari and Augusta, Sicily Naples, Taranto, Trieste, and Venice on the Italian boot Cannes, Golfe Juan, Marseille and TouIon, France and the island of Rhodes. Relieved at Lisbon, Portugal, by COLUMBUS (CA 74) in late October, BALTIMORE sailed for Boston.

Operations off the eastern seaboard, between Hampton Roads and Boston, interspersed with a port visit to Baltimore and a stint of training in the West Indies occupied her time for the next few months. BALTIMORE returned to the Mediterranean the following spring, making port at Gibraltar on 6 May 1953. After visiting Cagliari, Marseille, and Golfe Juan, she sailed for Portland, England. Arriving there on 8 June, she represented the Navy at Queen Elizabeth II's Coronation Review off Spithead. Leaving the British Isles on 10 June, the warship then returned to the Mediterranean, resuming her rigorous schedule of operations with the 6th Fleet. BALTIMORE departed Palermo, Sicily, on 12 October arrived at Boston on 23 October 1953 and remained there until sailing for Guantanamo Bay and refresher training on 3 March 1954. She operated in the West Indies into the spring, visitng Port au Prince, Haiti, and Culebra before heading home. During the voyage north, she visited again the city for which she had been named between 17 and 19 April.

After preparing for her third Mediterranean deployment, BALTIMORE departed Boston on 4 May and arrived at Gibraltar on the 18th. Her ports of call on this deployment included cities new to her such as Barcelona and Oran. Late in the summer, the heavy cruiser left Mediterranean for visits to Southend, England, and to several Scandanavian ports: Stockholm, Copenhagen, and Oslo. After touching briefly at Portsmouth, England, from 9 to 11 September on her homeward voyage, the ship arrived at Boston on 18 September.

That deployment to the 6th Fleet proved to be her last. Reassigned to the Pacific Fleet, the heavy cruiser departed Boston on 5 January 1955 exercised in the Guantanamo Bay area en route transited the Panama Canal between 16 and 18 January and, after a stop at Long Beach from 26 January to 8 February, reached her new home port, Pearl Harbor, on Valentine's Day.

She remained there a week before sailing for the Far East on the 21st. Stopping at Midway en route, BALTIMORE arrived at Yokosuka on 4 March. Deployed to the 7th Fleet, the heavy cruiser ranged the Far East from Hong Kong to Sasebo, and from Manila Bay to Okinawa and Yokosuka. She also included Sokcho Ri, Korea, Nagasaki, and Kobe in her itinerary, while mixing underway training and TF 77 operations with calls at those and the aforementioned seaports, into the summer of 1955. Clearing Yokosuka on 6 August and steaming via Hawaiian waters, BALTIMORE reached Long Beach on 22 August. Proceeding to San Francisco and Bremerton, the heavy cruiser arrived at the latter port for inactivation on 29 January 1956.

Placed in commission, in reserve, on the day of her arrival, BALTIMORE rejoined the Bremerton group of the Pacific Reserve Fleet and was decommissioned on the last day of May 1956. A third call to duty never came. The cost of activating, repairing, and modernizing the ship was deemed to be disproportionate to her value. She remained in reserve for almost a quarter of a century. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 15 February 1971, and she was sold to Zidell Explorations, Inc., of Portland, Ore., on 10 April 1972 for scrapping and was released from naval custody on 13 July of the same year.

10 Facts: Baltimore in the Civil War

The city of Baltimore, Maryland, was signficantly impacted by the Civil War and, in turn, played a shaping role in the development of the war. Learn more about Baltimore during the Civil War through these ten facts.

Fact #1: In the months leading up to and immediately following the outbreak of the Civil War, divided loyalties created a city rife with tension.

An illustration of freedpeople arriving in Baltimore. Library of Congress

Maryland was a slave state and never officially seceded like many of its Southern sisters. However, in the first months of the war, it was unsure to which side Maryland would tip. Baltimore was exemplar of these tensions. The city itself had the feel of a northern city with its focus on industry and manufacturing, but many of the social and political elites of the city favored the Confederacy and owned slaves. The large immigrant population, in combination with the largest free African American community in the country, favored Union and abolition. A confrontation between these groups was imminent.

Fact #2: By the 1860s, Baltimore had the largest free African American population in the country.

Free Blacks organized more than 20 churches, 30 benevolent societies and charities, and many schools. They were also instrumental in the conduct of the Underground Railroad, Baltimore being an important stop for former enslaved people escaping from the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Frederick Douglass spent his early years in Baltimore learning how to read and write before travelling further north.

Fact #3: Because Baltimore was a transportation hub, it was essential to the Union war effort and was the North's gateway to the South.

Baltimore was the terminus of three different railroads: the Baltimore and Ohio, the first long-distance and passenger railway in the country, the Northern Central, and the Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore. The secession vote of Virginia on April 17, 1861, further emphasized Maryland’s importance through her was the only way troops could reach Washington, DC. As the war wore on, Baltimore’s railroads would be essential to the movement of Union troops.

A Currier & Ives engraving entitled "The Lexington of 1861" depicting the attack on the 6th Massachusetts. Wikimedia Commons

Fact #4: Baltimore was the site of the first blood spilled during the Civil War.

Even before massed Union and Confederate armies met on the field of battle, the first casualties of the war occurred in Baltimore. On April 19, 1861, only a week after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, the 6 th Massachusetts Infantry was passing through Baltimore en route to Washington, DC, to defend the capital from Southern armies forming across the Potomac River in northern Virginia. A large contingent of pro-Southern Baltimore citizens, angry that federal troops passing through their city would be used to suppress their sister state, began harassing the troops, first verbally, and then by throwing rocks and bottles. Soon, gunshots rang out and a riot ensued. Four soldiers were killed and thirty-six were wounded, with more than a dozen civilians killed. The Pratt Street Riot, as it came to be called, further incensed Northeners.

Fact #5: The Pratt Street Riot inspired the song "Maryland, My Maryland."

One of the men killed in the riot was a one Francis X. Ward, who was friends with native Baltimorean James Ryder Randall. In response, Randall composed the poem “Maryland, My Maryland,” which begs the listener to “avenge the patriotic gore that flecked the streets of Baltimore.” The poem’s intensely pro-Southern words were set to the melody of “O Tannenbaum” by fellow Baltimorean Jennie Cary. Sometimes called “The Marseillaise of the South,” it became a Confederate marching song and was banned by Union authorities in Maryland. During the 1862 Antietam Campaign, Confederate General Robert E. Lee reportedly ordered his soldiers to sing the song as they marched through the town of Frederick, hoping to garner support from locals.

Fact #6: Federal troops were present in the city after the riots to keep Confederate sympathizers at bay.

After the riot had ended, Baltimore mayor George W. Brown and Maryland Governor Thomas H. Hicks determined that no more federal troops should pass through the city, siding with the rioters. They begged President Abraham Lincoln to bring troops to Washington via an alternative route, but as Lincoln drily noted, his soldiers could not fly or burrow under the state Maryland was the only way. In response, Brown and Hicks ordered Maryland militia to burn railroad bridges north of the city to forcibly prevent troops from coming into the city. Brown describes the city as a state of “armed neutrality.” Tensions nearly escalated between pro-Southern city officials and the Union garrison at Fort McHenry, and Maryland seemed to be on the verge of secession. Then, on May 13, almost a month after the riots, Union General Benjamin F. Butler and a contingent of federal soldiers occupied Federal Hill, the heights above downtown Baltimore. This show of force quelled pro-Confederate action within the city and federal authority was restored Maryland would not secede.

A portrait of John Merryman by Meredith Janvier. Wikimedia Commons

Fact #7: After President Lincoln's suspension of the writ of habeas corpus, civilians suspected of being Southern sympathizers, as well as prisoners of war, were held in Fort McHenry.

By the end of the war, more than 2,000 civilians had been arrested and imprisoned in Fort McHenry, including the grandson of Francis Scott Key. These charges varied in severity and veracity, but most of the citizens held in Fort McHenry were held indefinitely, made possible by Lincoln’s wartime suspension of the writ of habeas corpus (literally “show me the body”). One Maryland lawmaker was arrested for singing “Dixie.” The most famous of those imprisoned was John Merryman, whose arrest prompted a legal showdown between President Lincoln and Chief Justice Roger B. Taney over the limits of presidential power. Taney ruled that only Congress, not the President, could suspend the writ, but Lincoln ignored his ruling, citing the crisis at hand. Ex Parte Merryman, as the case was called, set important legal precedents in the American tradition, extending all the way into the 21 st century. Additionally, Confederate prisoners of war were temporarily held there before being transferred to other prisons.

Fact #8: Baltimore was a vital base for the Union Navy's activities in the Chesapeake Bay.

After the Union naval base at Norfolk, Virginia, was captured by the South in 1861, Baltimore became a vital base for naval activities in the Chesapeake Bay. The city’s vibrant shipyards rebuilt damaged vessels, and the city’s mills produced steam engines and armor plating for ships such as the USS Monitor.

A depiction of a Union hospital at McKim's mansion just outside Baltimore. Library of Congress

Fact #9: In the aftermath of the Battles of Antietam and Gettysburg, the city of Baltimore transformed into an immense hospital complex.

After the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862, Union and Confederate casualties from the single bloodiest day in American history arrived in Baltimore via the B&O Railroad from Frederick. City officials transformed churches, hotels, warehouses, parks, and every other open space into hospitals. A similar phenomenon occurred after the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863. Many of the Confederate officers who were wounded in Pickett’s Charge were treated at Fort McHenry’s hospital.

Fact #10: President Lincoln visited Baltimore three times.

President-elect Lincoln passed through Baltimore under the cover of darkness on February 23, 1861, en route to his inauguration. Detective Allan Pinkerton, hired to provide security on the journey, was convinced of a plot to assassinate the president-elect in Baltimore, a city already known for its Southern sympathies. More than three years later Lincoln returned on April 18, 1864, to speak at the Maryland State Fair for Soldier Relief. He found a much-transformed city from the city he had to virtually sneak through in the fraught early months of 1861. Finally, on April 21, 1865, Lincoln’s funeral train passed through the city on its way to Springfield, Illinois.


This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.

    Los Angeles Class Attack Submarine
    Keel Laid 21 May 1979 - Launched 13 December 1980

Naval Covers

This section lists active links to the pages displaying covers associated with the ship. There should be a separate set of pages for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Covers should be presented in chronological order (or as best as can be determined).

Since a ship may have many covers, they may be split among many pages so it doesn't take forever for the pages to load. Each page link should be accompanied by a date range for covers on that page.


This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.

A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
>>> If you have a better example for any of the postmarks, please feel free to replace the existing example.


This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.

    Baltimore Class Protected Cruiser
    Launched October 6 1888

Naval Covers

This section lists active links to the pages displaying covers associated with the ship. There should be a separate set of pages for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Covers should be presented in chronological order (or as best as can be determined).

Since a ship may have many covers, they may be split among many pages so it doesn't take forever for the pages to load. Each page link should be accompanied by a date range for covers on that page.


This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.

A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
>>> If you have a better example for any of the postmarks, please feel free to replace the existing example.

Ships similar to or like USS Baltimore (C-3)

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USS Baltimore C-3 - History

This page features selected views on board USS Baltimore (Cruiser # 3), up to 1913.

If you want higher resolution reproductions than the digital images presented here, see: "How to Obtain Photographic Reproductions."

Click on the small photograph to prompt a larger view of the same image.

Scene on the ship's main deck, during the 1890s.
This view looks forward on the starboard side, showing the mainmast yard lowered nearly to the bulwarks.

Donation of Rear Admiral Ammen C. Farenholt, USN(MC), November 1931.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 134KB 740 x 590 pixels

Rear Admiral John Crittenden Watson, USN ,
Commanding the Asiatic Station

With members of his staff and other officers on board his flagship, USS Baltimore (Cruiser # 3) in Asiatic waters, 1899.
Those present include (left to right, seated) :
Captain James M. Forsyth, ship's Commanding Officer
Rear Admiral Watson
Lieutenant Commander Chauncey Thomas, Jr.
(left to right, standing) :
Naval Cadet Walter B. Tardy
Lieutenant Frank Marble, Flag Lieutenant
Ensign Albert W. Marshall
Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Walter S. Crosley, Flag Secretary
Ensign Edward H. Watson, Aide.
Note black mourning arm bands.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 113KB 740 x 600 pixels

Local peddlers on board the cruiser, at Tangier, Morocco, circa May 1904.
Note the adjustable boat cradles overhead, and ventilation fittings in the hammock stowage bulwark at left.

Copied from the USS Baltimore album, page 3.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 74KB 740 x 505 pixels

Engineer's Force at Christmas dinner, off Chefoo, China, December 1904.

Copied from the USS Baltimore album, page 13.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 91KB 740 x 530 pixels

Ship's Marines in "heavy marching order", on board the cruiser during her Asiatic Fleet deployment, circa 1904-1906.
These Marines are equipped for winter expeditionary party duty, with "horseshoe" rolls containing their blankets rolled in rubber ponchos. They are armed with Krag rifles (M1898) and bayonets, and are wearing woven double loop cartridge belts.
Two of the Marines in the back row appear to be of oriental extraction.

Courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation. Collection of Captain Nathan Sargent.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 107KB 740 x 530 pixels

Commander Nathan Sargent (left), Ship's Commanding Officer, and Rear Admiral William M. Folger, Commander Cruiser Squadron, Asiatic Fleet, in the Flag Cabin, circa 1905-1906.
Note the map of Japan, Korea and the Yellow Sea on the bulkhead behind them.

Copied from the USS Baltimore album, page 27.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 91KB 740 x 530 pixels

Crewmen pose with cleaning equipment, circa 1904-1906.
About half of these men appear to be smoking pipes.

Copied from the USS Baltimore album, page 28.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 89KB 740 x 520 pixels

Two Chief Petty Officers enjoy a game of "Acey-Deucy" on deck, circa 1904-06. The man at left wears an Ex-Apprentice's "figure-eight knot" badge on his right sleeve.
Note coiled fire hose and sewing machine in the background.

Copied from the USS Baltimore album, page 42.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 76KB 740 x 445 pixels

"Ping-Pong" gunnery sighting practice on one of the ship's three-inch rapid-fire guns, circa 1904-1906.

Copied from the USS Baltimore album, page 47.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 101KB 740 x 535 pixels

"The Wireless Office and Operators", circa 1904-1906.
Note the early radio equipment, and the rating badge of the First Class Electrician's Mate seated in center.

USS Baltimore (SSN 704)

USS BALTIMORE was the 17 th LOS ANGELES-class submarine. On July 10, 1998, BALTIMORE was decommissioned and stricken from the Navy list after almost 16 years of service. The submarine is presently laid up at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Wash., waiting to be scrapped.

General Characteristics: Awarded: October 31, 1973
Keel Laid: May 21, 1979
Launched: December 13, 1980
Commissioned: July 24, 1982
Decommissioned: July 10, 1998
Builder: Electric Boat Division of General Dynamics Corporation, Groton, CT
Propulsion system: one nuclear reactor
Propellers: one
Length: 360 feet (109.73 meters)
Beam: 33 feet (10 meters)
Draft: 32,15 feet (9.8 meters)
Displacement: Surfaced: approx. 6,000 tons
Displacement: Submerged: approx. 6,900 tons
Speed: Surfaced: approx. 15 knots
Speed: Submerged: approx. 32 knots
Armament: four 533 mm torpedo Tubes for Mk-48 torpedoes, Harpoon and Tomahawk missiles
Cost: approx. $900 million
Crew: 12 Officers, 115 Enlisted

This section contains the names of sailors who served aboard USS BALTIMORE. It is no official listing but contains the names of sailors who submitted their information.

USS BALTIMORE Image Gallery:

The photos below were taken by me and show the BALTIMORE laid up at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Wash., on May 12, 2012. The remains of the "704" can still be seen on the submarine's sail.

The photo below was taken by me and shows a number of decommissioned nuclear-powered attack submarines laid up at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Wash. The photo was taken from Port Orchard, Wash., on May 12, 2012. The submarines' names are on the photo.

Board the USS Constellation

The USS Constellation is a large warship that was commissioned in 1855. The 22-gun sloop was active for 100 years and served in several military conflicts. The vessel also played a central role in ending the foreign slave trade. Slavery was widely practiced well before the United States was founded in 1776. By 1807, the founding fathers outlawed the importation of slaves to the United States. Slaves could no longer be brought into the U.S. from Africa, but slavery was still legal. Some U.S. merchants ignored the law and continued to kidnap free Africans and sell them into slavery. The USS Constellation attempted to stop this by capturing slave ships off the coast of Africa. Total, the crew captured three slave ships and freed 705 Africans, including 199 women and children.

The USS Constellation ended its tour off the coast of Africa to assist the Union in the Civil War (1861-1865). By the outbreak of the war, both the Confederate and Union armies relied on steam-powered ships to attack opposing forces. While not steam-powered, the USS Constellation still proved essential to the Union war effort. In addition to protecting American interests abroad, the ship assisted in the capture of the Confederate steam cruiser the CSS Sumter.

The USS Constellation was eventually decommissioned in 1955 after 100 years of service. Located in Baltimore’s Inner Harbor, this vessel is the only surviving ship from the Civil War Era. It is now a National Historic Landmark.

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