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H. Baxter SP-2285
A former name retained
(SP-2285: dp. 87; 1. 82'2"; b. 19'5"; dr. 9'; s. 12 k.)
H. Baxter, a tug, was built in 1889 by John A. Dialogue & Son, Milford, Del.; and acquired by the Navy 15 March 1918 from her owner, Robert Rogers of New York City. The tug was chartered at Norfolk for use as a coal tug, but found to be in need of extensive repairs and returned to her owner 24 April 1918.
Chautauqua County, New York In The Civil War
With an earnest and intelligent population, and such men as Reuben E. Fenton, George W. Patterson, Judge R. P. Marvin, and many others of energy and talent that might be mentioned, and a patriotic and efficient press, was among the first to realize the dangers and necessities of the hour, and her young men rallied around the National standard in large numbers, and the determination and bravery they displayed in the service, gave them an honorable and enviable standing in the army. In the spring of 1861, when it was expected that the militia regiment of the county would be called out, a general muster of the men was had at Dunkirk, under the direction of the Colonel, and the subject was laid before them, with the dangers and hardships that must follow, but their love of country was equal to the occasion, and when the order was given for those who were willing to go, to stop in advance of the line, every man and officer moved firm, and with one solid tread. While this was true of many other regiments, it is none the less worthy of mention. The men were dismissed, with the direction to hold themselves in readiness to go on a moment's warning, but not to wait in listless suspense. In every town, the spirit they had manifested was caught up by others drills were instituted, temporary companies formed, and the note of preparation rung throughout the entire county. The regiment was not called for, but five volunteer companies were formed, and joined the Sickles' brigade. Three from Dunkirk, under Captains Stevens, Barrett and Doyle one from Jamestown, under Captain Brown, and one from Westfield, under Captain H. J. Bliss. The companies were uniformed by the contributions of the citizens, and every town was represented. While these were the only organized bodies sent out from the county prior to the Bull Run defeat, many volunteered into organizations in adjoining counties in this State, and in Pennsylvania.
Every captain of these companies lost his life in the service or died of wounds received. Captain Stevens became Colonel of the Seventy-third, and Capt. Brown, Colonel of the One hundredth regiment, and both fell while heroically leading on their men in battle.
This, in brief, is what Chautauqua county had done up to the time of the defeat of our forces at Bull Run. But the spirit of patriotism that had been awakened, was not quieted or dampened by disaster, and her quotas on subsequent calls were filled with a promptness that reflects credit upon the county, and her public men.
The following tables are taken from Fourth Annual Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics of the State of New York, Albany: Week, Parsons & Co., 1867.
Thank you to Paul Stambach for transcribing this information.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an ongoing journey. And while every journey is unique, Baxter is with you every step of the way, providing options that can balance your lifestyle with high standards of care.
Once you've been diagnosed with CKD or end-stage renal disease, it can seem like everything changes you must learn about the nature of the disease, and make challenging decisions about your treatment options.
We understand the dramatic difference effective renal care can make when sequenced in a way that works with your body. We also understand your therapy goals include feeling well and maintaining an active lifestyle to work, travel and enjoy life to your choosing. That’s why we work to support you and your healthcare providers to deliver comprehensive treatment options designed to support the best care possible and help make therapy easier for you and your family.
Baxter has supported patients on their renal care journey with innovative therapy options for more than 60 years. We pioneered both home dialysis (peritoneal dialysis) and in-center dialysis (hemodialysis), and we’re not done yet. We are committed to helping you achieve the best outcomes possible through simplified care.
My home dialysis system talks me through therapy it’s like having a friend in the room with you. My favorite part of the system is its remote connectivity feature, because I know my nurse can see how my treatments are going and call if something doesn’t look right.
Didi, Peritoneal Dialysis Patient
Chronic kidney failure is the gradual loss of kidney function that results from a long-term disease. This is the more common type of kidney failure. Although it cannot be reversed, it can be treated. We invite you to increase your understanding of what the kidneys do and what happens when they begin to fail, review CKD treatment options and the different types of dialysis. Learn more at PDEmpowers.com, an essential online resource for patients living with CKD that contains a variety of educational tools.
Remote Patient Management
Our SHARESOURCE remote patient management platform is a two-way, cloud-based telehealth technology widely adopted globally for home renal patients. Remote patient management allows your healthcare team to remotely monitor and manage your therapy from their clinic, which includes the ability to adjust your prescription to optimize therapy without the need for a clinic visit. This added visibility to your home therapy also allows them to follow up with you in a more timely manner if they have questions about your treatments. SHARESOURCE is featured with our AMIA APD System and HOMECHOICE CLARIA APD System.
Automated Peritoneal Dialysis with AMIA
There are two types of dialysis: peritoneal dialysis (done at home) and hemodialysis (typically done in a hospital or clinic). Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is a form of PD done by a machine, usually while you sleep so you can carry on normal activities during the day. To help simplify your APD therapy done in the comfort of your home, we designed the AMIA APD system with intuitive features, such as voice guidance, a touchscreen control panel and the SHARESOURCE remote patient management platform. AMIA's compact design also means it can be packed in a car or taken onboard an airplane, allowing you to conduct therapy when traveling for work or leisure.
The future of this state depends on all of us harnessing our assets to fuel Maine’s future. But it is also important to pause and acknowledge those who have already influenced our state in deep and lasting ways. It’s not easy to identify 50 living Mainers who have made a difference in our state because there are hundreds, thousands, working in countless capacities to contribute to their communities and to move Maine forward. Simply put, this list is far from comprehensive. It is a list comprised of people who have made a difference across a range of disciplines—some who have shaped policy, provided services for people in need, employed hundreds, or inspired millions. Others have driven economic growth and defined the state’s creative culture. All of these Mainers have been actively generous with their time, intelligence, and resources, and for their singular contributions, we thank them.
Bruce Brown loves Maine art so much he cobbled together a collection of photography and contemporary American prints on a school teacher’s salary. His ingenuity and dedication caught the attention of the board of directors at Maine Coast Artists (now CMCA) and in 1987 he was hired as the center’s curator. During his 20-year career, Brown curated more than 200 exhibitions. He resurrected the Maine Arts Curators Group, which joins museums, college art galleries, and other nonprofit art groups in statewide initiatives like the Maine Drawing Project (2011) and strengthened bonds between groups devoted to honoring and promoting Maine art. Brown also headed up “The Maine Print Project,” which culminated in 25 separate statewide exhibitions featuring the history of Maine printmaking. His own collection of prints has been widely exhibited throughout the state.
Born into a family of lobstermen and carpenters on North Haven, Angela Adams’s love of the natural world grew in tandem with her love of art—particularly modern art. With her partner in life and design, Sherwood Hamill, Adams has created a line of furniture and textiles with extraordinary color, pattern, and form. Since the late 1990s, the Angela Adams line of modern home furnishings has made a splash internationally. Through her creative design and devotion to her home state, she has heightened the collective Maine brand and proven it’s possible to “make it” from Maine, in Maine—inspiring a new generation of creative Mainers.
President Barry Mills has “been a transformative leader of Bowdoin College,” says Owen Wells, vice chair of the Libra Foundation. “He has guided Bowdoin into the very pinnacle of elite colleges in America.” During his tenure as president, Mills led the first major curriculum reform of Bowdoin’s liberal arts program since the early 1980s with a mission to better educate the twenty-first-century student. He has expanded the ethnic, religious, and socioeconomic diversity among students and employees, attracting students from around the country and the world to Maine while remaining committed to educating Maine students. Overseeing a $20.8 million renovation and expansion of the college’s museum of art and building the Studzinski Recital Hall, Mills has reemphasized Bowdoin’s commitment to the arts, enriching the local community and making the elite college a destination location. Bowdoin College adds far-reaching value not just to Brunswick, but to the entire state of Maine.
Dr. Robert McAfee
Dr. Robert McAfee served as an attending surgeon at Maine Medical Center and chief of surgery and vascular surgery at Mercy Hospital for decades before becoming the first Maine doctor to serve as president of the American Medical Association. In this highly influential role, McAfee succeeded in getting the AMA to view family violence and handgun violence as medical health issues, and in doing so fundamentally shifted the larger, national conversation. McAfee is a founding member of Maine Citizens Against Handgun Violence, a Trustee Emeritus of the University of New England, and he served as chairman of the Advisory Council to the Partnership for Tobacco Free Maine from 1997 through 2001. He is the recipient of countless awards.
Bill Burke has served as the general manager of Turner Classic Movies, the president of TBS Superstation, and the president and CEO of Weather Channel Companies, among other roles. He is also the co-author of Ted Turner’s autobiography, Call Me Ted. “In Ted Turner,” says Burke, “I worked with someone who built a media empire in the unlikeliest of places—Atlanta, Georgia, in the late 1970s and early ’80s.” Turner’s example inspired Burke to help support people dreaming big in Maine, where he and his wife decided to move to raise their family. He brings his extensive executive media experience to many Maine-based boards, including the Gulf of Maine Research Institute, and is a great all-around supporter of entrepreneurial efforts in the state. Burke is currently the chairman of the Portland Sea Dogs, a director of Simulmedia, and an advisor to Specific Media.
As an attorney, Ron Kreisman has sought to help those who need someone to stand up for them, but lack money and powerful connections. For the majority of his career, Kreisman has worked on behalf of Maine’s ecological resources and Mainers who sought to protect those resources, first as general counsel to the Natural Resources Council of Maine and then independently, assuming a leading role in projects such as the removal of the Edwards Dam on the Kennebec River and the Penobscot River Restoration Project. Most recently, he worked for low-income immigrants in Maine, serving as the executive director of the Immigrant Legal Advocacy Project from May 2012 through April 2013.
Suzette McAvoy, the director of the Center for Maine Contemporary Art, is carrying forward Maine’s exceptional legacy in the visual arts by both celebrating the state’s rich history and promoting artwork that furthers Maine’s dynamic trajectory in contemporary art. Under her leadership, and thanks to Maine’s growing support of contemporary art, CMCA is stronger now than it has been at any point in its 61-year history. In 2011, McAvoy launched CMCA’s ArtLab, a hands-on education program offering year-round classes and workshops for all ages. Prior to working at CMCA, she was the chief curator at the Farnsworth Art Museum in Rockland. She has lectured and written extensively on the art and artists of Maine.
Kevin Hancock is president of the 165-year-old, sixth-generation company Hancock Lumber. “It energizes me to see a multi-generational family business evolve, progress, and compete globally,” says Hancock. Hancock Lumber has 400 hundred employees at its three sawmills and ten retail locations. Hancock also owns 12,000 acres of timberland, located primarily in Cumberland County, where they grow trees. All Hancock timberlands are open to the public for access and recreation. In an era when manufacturing jobs are leaving the U.S., Hancock Lumber continues to grow. “Kevin has accepted and embraced the company’s tradition of stewardship,” says retired Hancock Lumber President and current board member, Toby Hammond. “During a time when many multi-generational companies are failing, Hancock Lumber has grown to be one of Maine’s leading businesses, contributing over $110 million in sales to the Maine economy.”
Miles Unobsky Theeman
Miles Unobsky Theeman has been a hospital administrator in his home state of Maine since 1974 and is currently the president and CEO of Affiliated Healthcare Systems, as well as a vice president with Affiliated’s parent, Eastern Maine Healthcare Systems. Throughout the early 2000s, Theeman was actively involved in Access Atlantica, a program of the Bangor Region Chamber of Commerce (of which Theeman is a past chair) that reinvigorated the Bangor-Saint John economic development relationship. More recently, he led efforts to galvanize public support and voter approval for the new Cross Insurance Center in Bangor and is now co-chair of the region’s economic development consortium, Mobilize Eastern Maine. “Much of the buzz you hear about Bangor’s resurgence can be attributed to Miles’s leadership,” says John Porter, president and CEO of the Chamber. “He brings integrity, determination, and follow through to every project he takes on. His vision has helped transform Bangor.”
Over the past 25 years, the founder and CEO/strategic director of Garrand has grown the full-service communications firm into a “Best Place to Work in Maine” and one of AdAge’s “Best Places to Work in Media and Marketing” in 2010. Building a successful Maine business and helping to build other Maine businesses has proven to be rewarding work for Garrand. “What I’ve seen over 30 years in Maine business is stunning innovation, tremendous resourcefulness, hard work, and strong ethical standards,” she says. In 1996, she was appointed by President Clinton as his Maine delegate to the White House Conference on Small Business. Garrand also provides support to enterprises like Maine’s Community College System, MPBN, the Good Shepherd Food Bank, and the Maine Women’s Forum. “Brenda is an entrepreneur, who 25 years ago believed in her own vision and dreams and had the heart to live those dreams,” says Elizabeth Shorr, president of The Foundation for Maine’s Community Colleges.
“We cannot have sustainable rural communities without vibrant farms,” says John Piotti, the executive director of Maine Farmland Trust, and Piotti and his colleagues are on a mission to ensure that tens of thousands of acres of Maine’s best farmland will remain as farmland, and that farmers will continue to feed us and our economy. Piotti is shepherding a new generation of farmers, providing support for those farmers, and doing all he can to help make rural places more sustainable—to help them be economically vibrant without “spoiling what’s special or driving out the locals.” Under his leadership, Maine Farmland Trust won the Dirigo Award for organizational excellence from the Maine Association of Nonprofits.
A passionate advocate for the not-for-profit sector and those it serves, Meg Baxter was president of United Way of Greater Portland for two decades and now serves as the president and CEO of the Mitchell Institute. During her tenure at United Way of Greater Portland, Baxter put Maine on the right side of history time and time again by updating and implementing non-discrimination policies. She also directed a statewide collaboration, 2-1-1 Maine, to make available 24/7 information and referral services to the public. Through Senator George Mitchell’s scholarship and research organization, she helps to make higher education a reality for bright young Mainers, thereby ensuring our state’s future is in good hands.
Joan Benoit Samuelson
Mainer Joan Benoit Samuelson won gold in the first women’s Olympic marathon in 1984, and still holds the fastest times for an American woman in the Chicago Marathon and the Olympic Marathon—demonstrating a work ethic and quality of character admired the world over. She has been inducted into the National Runner’s Hall of Fame and the Olympic Hall of Fame. Her love of and support for Maine is manifold: the Maine master gardener is a founder of the TD Beach to Beacon 10K, sits on the Bowdoin College Board of Trustees and the Friends of Casco Bay board, among others, and is a strong supporter of health, wellness, and conservation efforts in Maine. “As I approached the tunnel in the Los Angeles Coliseum in 1984, I promised to give back to a state and sport that had given so much to me,” says Samuelson. “I have tried to live by this promise to myself.”
The influence Donald Sussman has had on the state of Maine is broad and deep. The chairman of Trust Asset Management and advisor to the Paloma Funds has made charitable donations to a countless number of nonprofit organizations in Maine, including the Equality Maine Foundation, the Immigrant Legal Access Project, the Maine Women’s Fund, and the Muskie Fund for Legal Services. He is also a supporter of the Penobscot East Resource Center, an organization committed to the health of Eastern Maine fishing communities. “His gift launched our young organization into a new era,” says Robin Alden, the Penobscot East Resource Center’s executive director. Now taking on the ownership of Maine Values LLC, the majority shareholder of Maine Today Media, which owns the Portland Press Herald/Maine Sunday Telegram and other media outlets in the state, Sussman underscores his belief in the importance of keeping journalism alive in Maine.
Leigh Ingalls Saufley
As an attorney, judge, and now as chief justice for the state of Maine, Leigh Ingalls Saufley has committed herself to improving people’s access to justice—an infinitely challenging task and one in which she has succeeded. Beginning in 2007, Saufley developed the Business and Consumer Docket, which improves and streamlines civil proceedings. Under her leadership, the court has implemented a mediation program aimed at resolving the increasing number of residential foreclosures filed in recent years. The Chief Justice’s Juvenile Task Force generated new laws and programs aimed at helping Maine youth stay in school and find positive connections, contributing to the substantial decrease in the number of youths being incarcerated.
Meredith Strang Burgess
Meredith Strang Burgess is president and CEO of Burgess Advertising and Marketing, a 26-year-old full-service communications company located in Portland. In addition to running a successful business—named a “Best Place to Work” three years in a row, an award administered by the Maine State Council of the Society for Human Resources Management—Burgess was elected to the Maine State House of Representatives and served with distinction in the 123rd, 124th, and 125th Legislatures. In 1999, she was diagnosed with breast cancer and has since become a very active and outspoken advocate for cancer awareness and prevention. She is a past president of the Maine Cancer Foundation and the creator of the Maine Pink Ribbon specialty license plate program, which has raised over $542,000 for Maine-based cancer organizations.
The director of the Portland Museum of Art is on a mission to make the museum “the best and the most important regional museum in the country,” and he and his colleagues are well on their way. With a dedicated base membership of over 9,000, as well as an influx of visitors from around the world, the Portland Museum of Art is gaining recognition on a national stage. “Mark’s support of contemporary art is keeping Maine part of the world’s ever changing creative scene,” says John Coleman of The VIA Agency. Bessire gives Maine art the attention it deserves, and is making waves that affect the Portland community and the entire state. Bessire sees Maine as a place with “large, open spaces, few people, and a real desire to combine practicality with creativity and innovation” he is introducing the Maine we know and love to the rest of the world.
Michael E. Dubyak
Michael Dubyak, chairman and CEO of WEX Inc., first moved to Maine 27 years ago to start his career at what was then Wright Express. Since then, he has made innumerable contributions to the state. WEX is recognized as a leader in corporate payment solutions, with operations in five countries and more than 1,300 employees—many of them Mainers. Dubyak’s experiences growing a business in Maine have driven him to volunteer time improving higher education in the state as chair of the Board of Visitors at USM and now Educate Maine. He is also the founding CEO of Educate Maine’s Project>Login, which has a goal to double the number of computer science graduates from Maine in four years.
Senator George J. Mitchell
Senator George J. Mitchell served the state of Maine in the United States Senate for 15 years. During that time he oversaw the reauthorization of the Clean Air Act and was instrumental in the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act. He has also held leading roles in negotiations for peace in Northern Ireland and the Middle East. An extraordinary ambassador for the state of Maine throughout his career, he remains strongly connected to his home state both personally and professionally—largely through the Mitchell Institute, which provides scholarships to Maine students attending Maine colleges. Since Senator Mitchell founded the program in 1995, over $9 million has been awarded in scholarship assistance to almost 2,000 Maine students.
Dora A. Mills, MD, MPH
Dora Mills served as the State of Maine Public Health Director from 1996 through 2011. In that role, Mills turned the state’s attention to issues of tobacco control, obesity prevention, improving health inspections, heading up the response to various public health emergencies, and transforming vital records collection—influencing change on a structural level with very personal ramifications for the people of Maine. She is currently the vice president of Clinical Affairs and director of Public Health Programs at the University of New England, and in the process of developing the university’s School of Community and Populations Health. “Dora made a lasting legacy with a long list of public health successes,” says Kay Rand, Senator Angus King’s chief of staff. “What she has accomplished is unparalleled.”
Colin Woodard is the author of four books that offer in-depth studies of place, identity formation, and the indivisible relationship between human culture and the natural environment. His Maine- and New England-bestselling book The Lobster Coast: Rebels, Rusticators, and the Struggle for a Forgotten Frontier focuses on his home state of Maine, and has informed the larger conversation about commercial fishing. The power of the written word to motivate change inspires Woodard, who has seen prompt policy changes result from his writings on the transit of alewives into the St. Croix River, the questionable track record of full-time virtual charter schools, and the tragic story of Malaga Island. Attention to eviction of people of Malaga Island on racial grounds was only properly acknowledged and repudiated by the state after Woodard shed light on the issue.
Mark R. Swann
Mark R. Swann, the executive director of Preble Street, has never forgotten the words of its founder, Joe Kreisler: “Our job as human beings is to help each other” and works tirelessly to end poverty “for the fellow human being at our door” and on the systematic level. Swann has grown Preble Street from a small organization with a staff of two into one of the most highly respected human service organizations in Maine, employing over 200 and keeping important programs open—the Teen Center, Teen Shelter, and Women’s Shelter—when other organizations have struggled and closed. In 2012, Preble Street served 550,000 meals to people living in poverty. In January 2012, Swann was a national finalist for the Congressional Medal of Honor “Service Before Self” award.
From its humble 1912 beginnings as a catalog promoting the Maine Hunting Shoe to the $1.5 billion multi-channel retailer it is today, L.L.Bean has had an undeniable impact on Maine’s identity. Following in his grandfather’s footsteps, Leon Gorman grew L.L.Bean from a company employing fewer than 100 people in 1960 to a multigenerational company employing tens of thousands of Mainers over the years. Gorman is the recipient of the Bowdoin Prize, awarded every five years to outstanding graduates. He also volunteers at Preble Street every Wednesday, scrambling eggs to help feed hundreds of Portland’s homeless, and won Preble Street’s Volunteer of the Year award in 2009. Says former Governor John R. “Jock” McKernan, “There is no one in the business community in Maine who cares more about the well-being of Maine than Leon Gorman.”
In 1993, John Coleman started an advertising agency without ever having stepped foot in one. Twenty years later, the CEO and founder of The VIA Agency has built an award-winning international reputation well outside of the center of the industry—a fact Coleman has leveraged to the agency’s advantage. In 2011, VIA was named AdAge’s Small Agency of the Year, besting 800 agencies from around the world and shining a spotlight on Portland’s creative scene. VIA has promoted extraordinary talent within the state and attracted bright, engaged people from all over the world. A perennial supporter of creative, entrepreneurial efforts in Portland, Coleman has been a 12-year board member of MECA. “John Coleman has ignored the naysayers and competed successfully at the highest levels against agencies from all over the country,” says Bill Burke, chairman of the Portland Sea Dogs and a director of Simulmedia. “Also, his vision and determination to restore the Baxter Building has resulted in a great gift to the city of Portland.”
“Being part of a manufacturing start-up was quite an accomplishment for a 27-year-old woman back in 1979, although I didn’t think that much of it at the time. I just saw it as a natural progression to a better job,” says Leonard. Over 30 years later, she is the 100 percent owner and CEO of Auburn Manufacturing, Inc.. While most commodity-type textile makers are either closing or moving south or offshore, Leonard and her team have kept specialty textile maker AMI up and running and in Maine. Leonard’s commitment to her company extends into the surrounding community, where she serves on the L/A Future Forum as part of the Lewiston-Auburn Economic Growth Council.
The acclaimed artist associated with the Pop Art movement has strong ties to Maine and helped launch the state’s contemporary art scene. In 1978, the artist moved permanently to the Star of Hope Lodge on the island of Vinalhaven, and from there created bold, iconic structures celebrated the world over and often exhibited in midcoast Maine. Indiana received the 2009 Maine in America award, granted by the Farnsworth Art Museum’s Presidents Council to honor an individual or group who has made an outstanding contribution to Maine’s role in American art. The Whitney Museum of American Art in New York will be hosting a retrospective of his work this September through January 2014.
Chef Melissa Kelly made a dream come true when she became the chef/owner of Primo Restaurant in Rockland. With family ties in Maine and fresh, locally-sourced ingredients readily available thanks in part to the success of MOFGA, the largest state-level organic association in the country, she found the support she needed to create an award-winning restaurant in the midcoast. Over the years, Primo has garnered national acclaim and has attracted diners from near and far, solidifying Maine’s standing as one of the best places to eat in America. She won the James Beard Award for Best Chef in the Northeast in 1999 as well as 2013, becoming the only chef ever to win twice in one category.
A founding partner and creative director of the Kennebunkport Resort Collection, Harrington is energizing the coastal community of the Kennebunks and elevating Maine to world-class luxury get-away status. Collaborating with Mainers with an eye toward progress, he has overseen numerous remodels and new construction projects, which have provided an economic boost to the southern coast of Maine and earned Harrington the “Small Business of the Year” award, presented by York County Community College and the Center for Entrepreneurship. Proceeds from Kennebunkport Resort Collection events have benefited the Child Abuse Prevention Council, River Tree Center for the Arts, and the Kennebunkport Conservation Trust.
The president of Maine College of Art is quick to speak of the influence artists have on a community: “I strongly believe that creativity is critical to all aspects of society and that artists are important contributors and leaders in organizations not directly related to art.” Through his efforts to improve the enrollment and selectivity at Maine College of Art (and by strongly voicing his opinion that Portland is “one of the best places in the world to go to art school”), Tuski is helping bring international students to MECA and providing extraordinary opportunities for Maine students, who make up half of the school’s population. Outside of his steadfast commitment to MECA, where he is also a professor of anthropology, Tuski serves on the Maine Arts Commission, Maine Higher Education Council, and Space Gallery boards.
When Linda Greenlaw needed money for college, she stepped aboard a commercial sword-fish boat and headed offshore for her first 30-day adventure at sea. “It was at the age of 19 that I fell in love with my life,” says Greenlaw. And so she kept at fishing, and eventually became known as one of the best swordboat captains on the East Coast. Greenlaw is the author of three best-selling books, with The Hungry Ocean remaining on the New York Times bestseller list for three months. Her impressive career as a fisherman and author has garnered attention from around the world, and shone a spotlight on commercial fishing in Maine.
Christopher M. Gardner
Commissioner Chris Gardner is on a mission to help his hometown and Washington County live up to what he sees as its singular potential. After years in law enforcement, just after his thirtieth birthday, Gardner was elected Washington County commissioner, a post he has proudly held since 2004. In 2007, Gardner became the Port Authority’s executive director in Eastport, which is the deepest natural seaport in the continental United States. Since stepping into that role, Eastport has seen record growth that has helped bring local businesses back to life in the area.
After 20 years of stardom at Fidelity Investments, Bettina Doulton moved her life to rural Lincolnville several years ago. Since then, Cellardoor Winery has helped elevate Maine’s identity as a producer of outstanding beer, wine, and spirits, and brought new vitality and an economic boost to the Camden area. More recently, Doulton brings her business savvy to the custom home building and handcrafted furniture business as part-owner of Phi Home Designs. Through extraordinary events such as Pop the Cork and Vinfest, Doulton and the Cellardoor team have raised hundreds of thousands of dollars for local charities. “With B, there’s no act: just a genuine enthusiasm for her industry and her adopted state coupled with a clear-eyed understanding of business dynamics,” says Dan Bookham, former executive director of the Penobscot Bay Regional Chamber of Commerce. “When you combine this with her willingness to roll up her sleeves with her support for charities and nonprofits, you’ve got a Grand Cru champion for the state of Maine on your hands.”
Peter and Paula Lunder
This month, the Colby College Museum of Art will open an expansion to become the largest art museum in the state, making Waterville a destination for visitors from around the country and the world. Peter Lunder—a Colby College alumnus and the former president of Dexter Shoe Co.—and his wife, Paula, have made it so through the generous gift of their renowned private art collection. The inaugural exhibition of the Lunder’s collection will showcase works by John Singer Sargent, Mary Cassatt, Winslow Homer, and Georgia O’Keeffe, among others. Both Peter and Paula have been great supporters of the college and museum since moving to Waterville in 1959, and have served on the museum’s board of governors and contributed time, energy, and resources toward the expansion of the museum over the last couple of decades.
James H. Page
“The solution to almost all of our challenges as a state is the role education plays in Maine’s economic, social, and civic prosperity,” says Jim Page, chancellor of the University of Maine System, “and what other entity has the resources, reach, and singular mission of serving all the people of Maine in this way?” Needless to say, Jim Page does not take his post lightly, and since stepping into the role of chancellor in 2012, he has made strides in leveraging the systems statewide resources more effectively—he is building high-performance teams to make not only structural improvements but shifts in culture as well. Page is also the founding director of the Gulf of Maine Oceanographic Observing System and the Maine Library of Geographic Information.
Dr. David Howes
Dr. David Howes began his medical career as a family physician serving the small, rural fishing community of Stonington, where he established his focus on engaging patients in their own healthcare, helping to improve health outcomes, and better managing the cost of care—philosophies he brings to Martin’s Point Health Care as president and CEO. Martin’s Point has expanded significantly since it was founded in 1982, providing healthy competition to larger nonprofit health care centers in the state thanks in part to innovative approaches in addressing gaps in patient care. Through the use of data oriented reporting tools, Howes believes we can increase access while significantly improving the quality of care. In 2009, Howes was named Spurwink Humanitarian of the Year.
“The ocean is central to my being I’m deeply committed to education I’m keenly interested in science and technology—so I created a job that wove all of this into a single tapestry,” says Perkins, the president and CEO of Gulf of Maine Research Institute. Through his work at the nonprofit science marine center, Perkins has focused on increasing opportunities for Maine kids, supporting the evolution of Maine communities “as islands of healing in an ever more complex and destructive planet,” and eradicating self-imposed limitations on the state to help Maine reach its full potential. Perkins is also the founding president of Friends of Casco Bay, an organization committed to improving and protecting the environmental health of Casco Bay.
Lisa M. Letourneau MD, MPH
As a practicing emergency physician for several years, Lisa Letourneau encountered many patients who experienced less-than-ideal outcomes because they hadn’t been able to get access to high-quality care. As the executive director of Maine Quality Counts, she’s helping to support the transformation of healthcare by aligning statewide improvement efforts and making quality care more accessible. With the help of several key players, Letourneau catalyzed the development of a multi-payer medical home pilot in Maine several years ago, a model that emphasizes patient-centered, high-value primary care. Letourneau is assisting the state with the development of a new Medicaid medical home initiative. The initiative now has over 120 primary care practices that have achieved national medical home recognition.
Dr. Reed Quinn
The state’s only pediatric heart surgeon came to Maine in 1992 and has been the Director of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Maine Medical Center for eight years. The generosity Dr. Quinn has shown during that time is remarkable. In a 2012 interview with the Portland Press Herald, he is quoted saying “We’ve never not operated on anybody in the state that has needed it…I don’t know who pays me and who doesn’t, and I really don’t care.” In addition to providing top medical care to Mainers, Dr. Quinn is the founder of the Maine Foundation for Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, which provides funds for six to eight operations every year for children living in Maine and around the world.
Theodora J. Kalikow
Theodora Kalikow became president of the University of Maine Farmington in 1994, a role she held for 18 years. During that time she saw the public liberal-arts college rise to the top of national charts—UMF has been ranked a “Best College” and a “Best Value” in the category of “Great Schools at Great Prices” by U.S. News and World Report. Last year, she was asked to step into the role of president of the University of Southern Maine, where she is expected to bring about similarly impactful change. Outside of the presidential office, she has mentored future women leaders through the Maine Academic Management Institute and devoted her time to groups committed to expanding and supporting diversity within the University of Maine System.
Peter J. DeTroy
Peter DeTroy has been practicing law in Maine since 1973 and has been with his current firm, Norman, Hanson, and DeTroy, since 1977. Throughout that time, DeTroy has tried cases in every county in Maine, and he speaks glowingly of the people of Maine and his colleagues on the Maine bench and bar. In the 1990s, DeTroy was part of a small group of lawyers asked to represent the state of Maine in a lawsuit against the tobacco industry to recover the costs of healthcare the state had absorbed in its Mainecare program from tobacco-related illnesses. During his service to the bar and bench he has had roles in the Task Force on Gender Bias in the Courts, and the Maine State Bar Association Silent Partners Programs, among other organizations.
Melissa D. Smith
Melissa D. Smith was recently appointed president of WEX Inc. and will assume the additional role of CEO in early 2014. Having worked at WEX since 1997, she played a key part in helping take the South Portland-based company public. A proud marathoner and tri-athlete, Smith has had an active role in empowering events like the Maine Cancer Foundation’s Tri for a Cure and the sheJAMS Dynamic Dirt Challenge. Smith co-founded sheJAMS in 2010, an all-women training club, to give women an outlet to be active within a supportive environment. She is also cofounder of the Executive Women’s Forum and serves on the Center for Grieving Children’s board of directors. “Melissa personifies the ‘can do’ spirit at work, play and in the community,” says Joan Benoit Samuelson. “Furthermore, Melissa has quietly championed enthusiastic engagement between corporate and nonprofit communities in ways to strengthen all of us.”
With kindness and creativity, David Turin has contributed significantly to the Maine food scene over the years through his restaurants David’s, David’s Opus Ten, David’s 388, and—most recently—David’s KPT, which bring notable vitality to their surrounding neighborhoods, employ many talented Mainers, and contribute to the state’s exceptional food scene. In addition to his entrepreneurial forays in the food industry, the life-long surfer is the founder of Surf Camp out of Scarborough, which has affected the lives of thousands of kids in the greater Portland area. Turin is also involved in the nonprofits the Ronald McDonald House, Good Shepard Food Bank, and Share Our Strength, an organization dedicated to ending childhood hunger in America.
M. Michelle Hood
M. Michelle Hood came to Eastern Maine Healthcare Systems as president and CEO in 2006, after an impressive career that has elevated her as a thought leader on a national policy-making level. Hood is now happily settled in Maine, where she’s found a community of healthcare executives and civic and community leaders keen on collaboration and meeting the challenges of providing quality rural healthcare. “Michelle is passionate about the importance of moving the healthcare delivery model from the traditional fee-for-service model that rewards and pays for procedural volume, to a model that rewards and pays for value, defined by patient and community wellness,” says George Eaton, the immediate past board chair of EMHS. “The lives of thousands of Maine residents in the northern two-thirds of the state have been favorably impacted by Michelle’s leadership of this transformation.”
Philip Conkling is the founder and president of the Island Institute, a nonprofit organization that supports islands’ year-round communities in the Gulf of Maine, and works to conserve island and marine biodiversity for future generations and develop model solutions that balance the needs of the coast’s cultural and natural communities. The first time Conkling testified in Augusta before a legislative committee about an island community issue, the chairman leaned across his desk and said, “You mean to tell me there are people who live on those islands in the winter?” Through multiple publications and even constitutional amendments, Conkling has raised awareness and garnered critical support for island and working waterfront communities in Maine.
Horace “Hoddy” Hildreth
As a lawyer, state senator, and environmental lobbyist, Hoddy Hildreth worked to get many environmental protection laws on the books as an activist he helps keep them there. Hildreth created environmental legislation that regulated and controlled development in the unorganized territories, required the location of major developments to be subject to objective scrutiny, and protected wetlands from destruction and development. He is also responsible for growing Diversified Communications from a small family business in Bangor to the worldwide business it is today. The company produces over 100 trade and business events in 11 countries, and employs 100 people in its Portland headquarters.
“The idea of starting the Camden International Film Festival came out of a desire to combine two things that I love: the place where I grew up and independent film,” says Ben Fowlie, the founder and director of CIFF. CIFF has grown tremendously since its inception in 2005. It has been recognized as one of the top 25 documentary film festivals in the world, New England’s most respected documentary film festival by Indiewire, and one of the 12 best “small town” film festivals in the U.S. (PBS POV). Last November, CIFF was recognized by the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences. May of this year, CIFF was awarded the Economic Enhancement Award by the Penobscot Bay Regional Chamber of Commerce, which recognizes an organization that has made a major economic investment or enhanced our local economy.
The former chairman and CEO of VF Corporation, the world’s largest apparel company, moved to Maine 18 years ago, and has since been an integral advisor to numerous organizations throughout the state, including the Portland Museum of Art, the US Biathlon team, and the Maine Winter Sports Center. President and CEO of Maine Winter Sports Center, Andrew Shepard, says of Pugh: “He has never shied away from a challenge if he thought he could make a difference and as one of the leading business minds of his generation, he has done so in a most profound way.” Pugh had a lead role in bringing the Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens to fruition, and as a trustee of the Harold Alfond Foundation and the chair of the Alfond Scholarship Fund, Pugh furthers the group’s mission to provide every baby born in Maine with a $500 scholarship to a college fund.
Meg Weston’s career has been remarkably varied. She’s served as the president and COO of Konica Quality Photo East, the president of the Portland Press Herald and Maine Sunday Telegram, and the president of the University of Southern Maine Foundation, among other roles. As a board member and chair of the board of trustees of the University of Maine System, she worked to help make higher education accessible and affordable to the people of Maine. Weston is currently the president of the Maine Media Workshops and College, where she is embracing old and new technologies to help students discover new, dynamic ways to tell stories. Throughout her career, Weston has underscored the power of education and creativity—and the potential for the creative economy to transform communities and make it possible for people to live in and enjoy Maine.
Lyndel J. (“Joe”) Wishcamper
Joe Wishcamper has developed low-income housing for 43 years. Although The Wishcamper Companies, Inc., owns properties in 17 states, his company is headquartered in Maine because he “loves living here.” And he has made a significant difference in the state, providing quality housing at affordable rents for for thousands of families and seniors, and jobs for many Mainers. Wishcamper has rehabilitated complexes throughout Maine, creating functional apartment communities, and has served on the boards of countless businesses and nonprofits, including Maine Medical Center, The Nature Conservancy, and the University of Maine System. He is the recipient of the Spurwink Humanitarian of the Year and the Colby College Philanthropy Award.
Baxter Auto Group remains a family-owned and locally-operated business, so we value any opportunity to give back to our neighbors.
Tal Anderson, the founder of Baxter, was passionate about serving the community. Those values continue to be at the core of Baxter and we’ve created lasting relationships with organizations throughout Omaha.
We support efforts to build stronger communities, showing gratitude for all the community has done to support our dealerships throughout the years. We serve the well-being of our customers, employees, and the neighborhoods where they live and work.
At Baxter Auto Group, we see our involvement as a way to step out
and support our community.
Our more than 85-year heritage gives us distinct perspective on the needs of patients and caregivers. We lead today by putting those insights to work to deliver new, better healthcare solutions and access to care in the communities where we live and work.
Our forward-looking leadership team is a driving force in ensuring we meet the needs of all our stakeholders – every day and everywhere.
We are proud of our strong commitment to maintaining the highest standards of corporate governance.
Nurturing a culture of innovation is critical to delivering on our mission to save and sustain lives. We partner with the healthcare community to continually find more efficient, smarter ways to help solve the world's most pressing healthcare challenges.
We are committed to doing business the right way, ensuring that we champion our employees, our communities, our customers and patients, and our environment in everything we do.
We are committed to attracting, motivating and retaining an inclusive and diverse workforce.
For more than 85 years, we’ve been focused on saving and sustaining lives and elevating patient care.
Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: The Past, Current Controversies, and Future Perspectives
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is a bone conserving and ligament-sparing procedure that reliably restores normal knee kinematics and function for arthritis limited either to the medial or the lateral compartment of the knee. Although there is enough evidence to demonstrate that the UKA offers good medium to long-term success given the correct patient selection, prosthesis design, and implantation technique, there are several reports to suggest inferior survival rates in comparison with the total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Furthermore, it is a specialized procedure which works well in the hands of the experienced operator and therefore different authors' tend to draw different conclusions based on the same evidence, and as a result, there is great variability in the usage of the UKA. The aim of this current concept's review is to present to the readers the history of the UKA especially with reference to implant design, discuss current controversies, and outline the future perspectives of this novel procedure.
Baxter History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The ancient Scottish-English border region is the ancestral home of the name Baxter. It was first used by the Boernician people, and is a name for a female baker, who were known as "bakesters". With the continuing development of Old English, the word gradually came to be applied to both men and women.
Set of 4 Coffee Mugs and Keychains
Early Origins of the Baxter family
The surname Baxter was first found in Forfarshire part of the Tayside region of North Eastern Scotland, and present day Council Area of Angus, where they held a family seat from ancient times. Agnes Bakester of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.
Coat of Arms and Surname History Package
Early History of the Baxter family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baxter research. Another 168 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1240, 1st , 1296, 1300, 1312, 1323, 1398, 1615, 1), , 1781, 1858, 1615, 1691, 1686, 1750, 1836, 1825 and 1890 are included under the topic Early Baxter History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Unisex Coat of Arms Hooded Sweatshirt
Baxter Spelling Variations
In the many years before the invention of the printing press and the first dictionaries, names and other words were spelled according to sound, often differently with each person who wrote them. Spelling variations of Baxter include Baxter, Bakster, Baxster, Baxstair, Baxstare and others.
Early Notables of the Baxter family (pre 1700)
Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Baxter Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Baxter family to Ireland
Some of the Baxter family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Baxter migration +
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Baxter Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Gregory Baxter, who landed in Massachusetts in 1630 
- John Baxter, who landed in Maryland in 1633 
- Robert Baxter, aged 21, who landed in Virginia in 1635 
- Jane Baxter, who landed in Virginia in 1636 
- William Baxter, who landed in Virginia in 1636 
- . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Baxter Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Richard Baxter, who arrived in Virginia in 1703 
- Henry Baxter, a bonded passenger who arrived in Maryland in 1744
- Barnaby Baxter, who settled in Maryland in 1774
Baxter Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Robert Baxter, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808 
- John, Baxter Jr., who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808 
- George Baxter, who arrived in America in 1811 
- C Baxter, aged 26, who landed in Maryland in 1813 
- Guillermo Baxter, who landed in Puerto Rico in 1816 
- . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Baxter migration to Canada +
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Baxter Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- John Baxter, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749
- Mr. Elijah Baxter U.E. who settled in Norton, Kings County, New Brunswick c. 1783 he died in 1852 
- Mr. George Baxter U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 
- Mr. Joseph Baxter U.E. who settled in New Brunswick c. 1783 
- Capt. Simon Baxter U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1783 
- . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Baxter Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Kennedy Baxter, who arrived in Canada in 1820
- William Baxter, aged 28, who landed in Quebec in 1833
- Mary Baxter, aged 18, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Protector" in 1834
- William Baxter, aged 21, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Prudence" in 1838
- J Baxter, who arrived in Victoria, British Columbia in 1862
Baxter migration to Australia +
Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Baxter Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Henry Baxter, a weaver, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
- Mr. John Baxter, (b. 1799), aged 28, Irish farmer's man who was convicted in County Down, Ireland for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the “Countess of Harcourt“ on 14th February 1827, arriving in New South Wales, Australia
- William Baxter, English convict from Northampton, who was transported aboard the "Argyle" on March 5th, 1831, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
- Mr. George Baxter, British Convict who was convicted in Warkwick, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 20th July 1837, arriving in New South Wales, Australia
- Alexander Baxter, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Indus" in 1839 
Baxter migration to New Zealand +
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Baxter Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Mr. Baxter, Australian settler travelling from Sydney aboard the ship "Earl Durham" arriving in Bay of Islands, North Island, New Zealand in 1841 
- Mr. William Baxter, British settler arriving as Detachment of the Royal New Zealand Fencibles travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Sir George Symour" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 26th November 1847 
- Mr. Jas. Baxter, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Nourmahal" arriving in Dunedin, Otaga, South Island, New Zealand on 5th May 1858 
- Mr. R. Baxter, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Palmyra" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 19th February 1858 
- Mr. William Baxter, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Maori" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 3rd November 1859 
Contemporary Notables of the name Baxter (post 1700) +
- George Baxter, Scottish founder of Baxters, an international food company, based in Fochabers, Moray, Scotland in 1868
- Jim Baxter (b. 1939), Scottish footballer
- Stanley Baxter (b. 1928), Scottish actor
- James Curran Baxter (b. 1939), Scottish soccer player
- Irvin Lee Baxter Jr. (1945-2020), American Oneness Pentecostal minister, televangelist, author, and biblical scholar
- William "Bucky" Baxter (1955-2020), American guitarist, known for having played in Bob Dylan's Never Ending Tour during the 1990s
- Mrs. Margaret Amethe Napier Baxter B.E.M., British recipient of the British Empire Medal on 8th June 2018, ffor services to People with Sight Impairment and to the community in Stowmarket, Suffolk
- Mr. Stephen John Baxter B.E.M. (b. 1965), born in Belfast, British Northern Ireland football manager, was appointed Medallist of the British Empire Medal 29th December 2018 for services to Football in Northern Ireland
- Trevor Baxter (1932-2017), British actor and playwright, best known for his role as Professor George Litefoot in Doctor Who
- Irving Baxter (1876-1957), American two time gold and three time silver Olympic medalist for long, high and triple jump as well as pole vault
- . (Another 13 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Historic Events for the Baxter family +
Empress of Ireland
- Mr. George R. Baxter, British Musician from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking 
- Miss Annie May Baxter (1901-1914), Canadian Second Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking 
- Ms. Jennie M. Baxter (1872-1917), Canadian resident from Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion 
- Mr. John K Baxter (b. 1922), English Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Leeds, Yorkshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking 
HMS Prince of Wales
- Mr. Thomas Baxter, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking 
- Mr. Sidney Baxter, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking 
- Mr. Cyril Baxter, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking 
- Mr. Arthur L Baxter, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking 
- Mr. William Baxter, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Welland, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking 
- Master William Baxter, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Welland, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking 
- Mrs. Annie E. Baxter, (née Ripley), Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Welland, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking 
- Mr. Harry Ross Baxter (d. 1912), aged 51, English Third Class Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking 
- Mr. Thomas Ferguson Baxter (d. 1912), aged 48, English Linen Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett 
- Mrs. Hélène Baxter, (née de Lanaudière-Chaput), aged 50, Canadian First Class passenger from Montreal, Quebec who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 6 
- Mr. Quigg Edmond Baxter (d. 1912), aged 24, Canadian First Class passenger from Montreal, Quebec who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking 
Related Stories +
The Baxter Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Vincit veritas
Motto Translation: Truth conquers.
H. A. Baxter SP-2285 - History
This is an occupational name derived from the Old English word "baecestre" meaning a female baker and later Middle English "bakstere" which was applied to both male and female bakers. In early Latin charters the name is rendered as "pistor" - the Latin word for baker. In that form the name is found as early as the 12th century.
Baxters are found all across Scotland but those in the west are generally regarded as dependents of the Clan Macmillan .
In Fife, they were a prominent family in their own right and witnessed important documents in the 13th century. Between 1200 and 1240 a Reginald Baxtar witnessed a gift of a church of Wemyss in Fife. The name is still found frequently in Fife and the Baxters of Earlshall in northern Fife lived in a baronial castle there. Kilmaron Castle was a mansion built for a Baxter family near Cupar in Fife, around 1820.
In 1296 Geffrei le Baxtere of Lossithe in Forfar took an oath of allegiance to the king. Baxter was (and is) a common name in Angus as Forfar was at one time a royal residence and the first Baxters there may well have been royal bakers.
The Baxters of Kincaldrum were the first to bring power-weaving to the City of Dundee. They prospered as a result and gifted Baxter Park to the city. They endowed a college which eventually became the University of Dundee.
In more modern times, the Baxter family in Fochabers on the river Spey in Morayshire have built a successful business creating quality soups and produce from local suppliers. And Stanley Baxter has had a long career as an actor and comedian.
The Baxter clan motto is "Vincit veritas" which means "Truth prevails".
MacBaxter is regarded as a sept (sub-branch) of the McMillan clan.
Baxter Bank Building
Horace Henry Baxter first came to Rutland in 1854. Already a successful industrialist, he made an immediate impact on social, political and business life in the town.
During the Civil War, H. H. Baxter was a consistent supporter of the Vermont and Rutland troops, both financially and via his own time and efforts. He provided funding for uniforms and supplies for the troops, and paid for bounties for new enlistees. He served as the Vermont delegate to the Peace Commission in Washington, D. C. (1861), and served as the Adjutant and Inspector General of Vermont from 1859 - 1861.
Baxter founded the Baxter Bank, and erected the first Baxter Bank headquarters building (1871). The present-day structure is the result of a massive renovation which took place in 1928-1930. Although this was almost a complete rebuild, parts of the original building remain in the structure today.
Learn more about H. H. Baxter at the Fairgrounds stop, or in our Quarterly.
Return to the Walking Tour home page.
Baxter Bank Building (early 1870s) Baxter Bank Building (2017)